IFRS / NIIF Accounting

Rational

For those countries that do not have an accounting module in Tryton (trytond_account_ ??) or countries that implement IFRS (NIIF in spanish) or for non-normalized countries, it makes sense that Tryton can provide a module that implements the IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards) / NIIF (Normas Internacionales de Informacion Financiera) as a basis or starting point for them.

Proposal

account_ifrs module.

It would contain a main chart.xml file with Account Type Template and Account Template records implementing IFRS, which name fields are subject of translation, this way we can then create a diferent file for each defined language using XSLT.

It is how Account type chart would look like

account_type_1
account_typ_2

Extending

This module can be extended or updated by specific needs, for example, countries could have diferent names for an account, or need more/less accounts than it provides.
Taxes are not covered by IFRS, just how they are showed in reporting, so each country must create custom module for its taxes implementation

Considerations

We are already working on an IFRS module, since it can be used as basis for Panama, Costa Rica and Venezuela accounting, you can look at here for review, We used recomendations from panamian public accountants as guidence based on this Goverment resolution, along with IFRS Taxonomy 2020 - A view of the IFRS Taxonomy 2020 (organised by financial statement)

Based on this module we are also working on account_pa module, which extends it and defines taxes for Panama.

It would be desireble if more people (specailly accountants) can review it and contribute with their comments.

I think we do not have the functionality to extend a chart of accounts. So if you want to reuse the IFRS chart of account in your country code you should have to copy paste all the definition of the account_ifrs module into the account_pa module. Otherwise activating the account_pa module will force any user of the IFRS chart to load the panama accounts which is not correct for other countries.

If we go this way probably we should think on how to improve this situatoin.

I see your point, it would be a problem in a multi company environment…

One suggestion is to use XSLT to take the chart from the account_ifrs module and another file containing just the Panama specific changes and output the full account_pa chart. Something a bit like this:

create_chart.xsl:

<xsl:stylesheet version="1.0" xmlns:xsl="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform">
  <xsl:param name="chart" />

  <xsl:variable name="update_records" select="document($chart)/tryton/data/record" />

  <xsl:template match="data">
    <xsl:copy>
      <xsl:apply-templates select="record|text()" />
      <xsl:apply-templates select="$update_records[not(@id = current()/record/@id)]" />
    </xsl:copy>
  </xsl:template>

  <xsl:template match="record">
    <xsl:choose>
      <xsl:when test="not(@id = $update_records/@id)">
        <xsl:copy-of select="."/>
      </xsl:when>
      <xsl:when test="@id = $update_records/@id and count($update_records[@id = current()/@id]/field) &gt; 1">
        <xsl:copy-of select="$update_records[@id = current()/@id]"/>
      </xsl:when>
    </xsl:choose>
  </xsl:template>

  <xsl:template match="@*|node()">
    <xsl:copy>
      <xsl:apply-templates/>
    </xsl:copy>
  </xsl:template>
</xsl:stylesheet>

Then run like this:

cd account_pa
xsltproc --stringparam chart account_template.xml create_chart.xsl /full/path/to/account_ifrs/account_template.xml >account_pa.xml

I’m wondering if it will not be better to use IFRS in account module to replace the minimal chart of account.

No because a template can be used to one chart per company.

I do not think it is needed to have such machinery.
Indeed if IFRS becomes the new minimal chart, the custom implementation could just be a copy of the corresponding translated chart from account module. It can be a plain copy and it is easy to maintain as it is just a copy.

2 Likes

I think this is a good idea.

I agree that using ifrs as default chart plan and coping the chart to other country modules will be a the easiest way to maintain such charts.

@formateli if you want to work on it feel free to open and issue and submit a review proposal to include both charts

I created Issue9642 - Replace minimal chart of account with IFRS in account module